Newly Diagnosed with Hypertension? Here's What You Need to Know

Medically reviewed by Dr. Aravind Vijayan., MD(Gen Med), Diabetologist and Critical Care Specialist — Updated on Mar 27, 2023 

Millions of individuals throughout the world suffer from the condition known as hypertension, frequently known as high blood pressure. It develops when the blood's pressure against the artery walls is persistently high, and if ignored, it can result in major health issues. However, hypertension is frequently asymptomatic, which means that many people with high blood pressure are completely unaware of their condition. Early diagnosis and treatment are therefore essential.

This post will go over what you should know if you're newly diagnosed with hypertension, what you should have in your home hypertension kit, and the lab tests that are advised before initiating any treatment.


Things you should know if you are newly diagnosed with Hypertension

Understanding blood pressure readings and target levels: One of the first things you need to understand when you're diagnosed with hypertension is how to read and interpret blood pressure readings. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number).

According to the American Heart Association, normal blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure of less than 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure of less than 80 mmHg.

If your blood pressure is high, your healthcare provider may recommend lifestyle modifications and/or medications to lower it. The goal is to get your blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg. However, your target blood pressure may be different based on your individual health status and any underlying medical conditions.

Risk factors for hypertension and lifestyle modifications: There are several risk factors for developing hypertension, including

Even though you have no control over all of these risk factors, there are some lifestyle changes you can make to help manage and avoid high blood pressure.

First and foremost, maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for controlling blood pressure. Losing just 5-10% of your body weight can have a significant impact on your blood pressure. Eating a healthy diet that's rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products can also help. Limiting your intake of salt, saturated and trans fats, and added sugars is essential, as these can all contribute to hypertension.

Regular exercise is also essential for controlling blood pressure. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week, such as brisk walking or cycling. Strength training exercises at least two days per week can also be beneficial.

Finally, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake can also help prevent and manage hypertension.

Importance of medication adherence and regular follow-up visits: If lifestyle modifications alone aren't enough to control your blood pressure, your healthcare provider may prescribe medication. There are several classes of medications used to treat hypertension, including diuretics, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and beta-blockers, among others.

It's essential to take your medication exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Skipping doses or stopping medication without your provider's approval can be dangerous and lead to uncontrolled hypertension. If you're experiencing side effects or have concerns about your medication, don't hesitate to discuss them with your healthcare provider.

In addition to taking medication, it's important to have regular follow-up visits with your healthcare provider to monitor your blood pressure and adjust your treatment plan as needed.

Potential complications of uncontrolled hypertension: If left untreated, hypertension can lead to a variety of serious health problems. Over time, the high pressure of blood flowing through your arteries can damage your blood vessels and organs, including your heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes. Some potential complications of uncontrolled hypertension include:

  • Heart attack and heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Kidney damage or failure
  • Vision loss
  • Aneurysm (weakening and bulging of blood vessels)
That's why it's essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage your blood pressure and prevent these complications.


What should you have in your Home Hypertension care kit

If you've been diagnosed with hypertension, it's important to take an active role in managing your condition. One way to do this is by creating a home hypertension care kit. This kit should contain everything you need to monitor your blood pressure, track your medications, and stay on top of your overall health. Here are some must-have items to include in your home hypertension care kit:

Blood pressure monitor
The most important item in your home hypertension care kit is a reliable blood pressure monitor. This will allow you to monitor your blood pressure on a regular basis and keep track of any changes. There are many different types of blood pressure monitors available, from simple manual monitors to more advanced digital monitors. Talk to your healthcare provider about which type of blood pressure monitor is best for you.

Medication tracker
If you're taking medication to manage your hypertension, it's important to stay on top of your dosages and schedule. A medication tracker can help you do this. This can be as simple as a notebook or spreadsheet where you record the name of your medication, the dosage, and the time you take it. Some people prefer to use apps or online tools to track their medications.

Healthy lifestyle resources
In addition to medication and monitoring, there are several lifestyle changes you can make to help manage your hypertension. Keep resources on hand that can help you make healthy choices, such as cookbooks with low-sodium recipes, guides to stress management, and information on exercise and physical activity.

Emergency contact information
In the event of a hypertensive crisis or other medical emergency, it's important to have emergency contact information readily available. This should include the phone number for your healthcare provider, as well as the phone number for emergency services in your area.

First aid kit
While not specifically related to hypertension, it's always a good idea to have a basic first aid kit on hand in case of accidents or injuries. Your first aid kit should include items such as bandages, antiseptic, and pain relievers.

Water bottle
Staying hydrated is important for managing hypertension, so it's a good idea to keep a water bottle with you at all times. Choose a reusable water bottle that you can refill throughout the day.

By including these items in your home hypertension care kit, you'll be better equipped to manage your blood pressure, track your medications, and stay on top of your overall health. Remember to work closely with your healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that's tailored to your individual needs.


What are the lab tests recommended before beginning treatment of high blood pressure

Before beginning treatment for hypertension, your healthcare provider will likely recommend several lab tests to evaluate your overall health and identify any underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to your high blood pressure. Some of the lab tests that may be recommended include:

Blood tests: Blood tests can help identify any imbalances in your electrolytes (such as potassium and sodium) that may be contributing to your high blood pressure. Your healthcare provider may also check your kidney function, as hypertension can put extra strain on your kidneys. Finally, your cholesterol levels may be checked, as high cholesterol can contribute to cardiovascular disease.

Urine tests: Urine tests can help evaluate your kidney function and identify any damage that may be contributing to your hypertension. Your healthcare provider may check for the presence of albumin (a protein that can leak into your urine when your kidneys are damaged) and creatinine (a waste product filtered out of your blood by your kidneys).

Electrocardiogram (ECG) to evaluate heart function: An ECG is a test that measures the electrical activity of your heart. It can help your healthcare provider evaluate your heart function and identify any potential issues contributing to your hypertension.

Other diagnostic tests based on individual patient factors: Finally, your healthcare provider may recommend additional diagnostic tests based on your individual medical history and risk factors. For example, if you have a family history of heart disease, your healthcare provider may recommend additional cardiac testing such as a stress test or echocardiogram.

It's important to remember that hypertension is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management and monitoring. By working closely with your healthcare provider, making healthy lifestyle choices, and staying on top of your medication regimen, you can effectively manage your blood pressure and reduce your risk of serious health complications.


If you're newly diagnosed with hypertension, work with your healthcare provider to develop a tailored treatment plan. This may include medication, lifestyle modifications, and regular monitoring. At home, invest in a blood pressure monitor, keep healthy resources on hand, and have an emergency plan. Before treatment, lab tests will evaluate your health and identify underlying conditions contributing to high blood pressure. By following your health care provider's recommendations, you can effectively manage hypertension and enjoy a healthy life. With the right treatment and support, hypertension can be managed to prevent serious complications.